Khulna Division is one of the eight divisions of Bangladesh and is located on the southwest side of the country. As of the census of 29, the area had a population of 22.25 square kilometers and a population of 5,3,3. The headquarters of Khulna Division is Khulna City. The third largest city in Bangladesh after Dhaka and Chittagong. Khulna is situated on the Rupsa river and Bhairab river in the southwestern part of Bangladesh.
Khulna is one of the oldest river ports in Bangladesh. Khulna is known as industrial city because it is one of the industrial and commercial areas of Bangladesh. 3 km from Khulna City The second seaport of Bangladesh is located at Mongla Seaport. The world famous coastal forest is located in the southern part of the Sundarbans Khulna Division. Khulna Division, Khulna, Bagerhat and Satkhira districts have expanded Sundarbans. Khulna is called the gateway to the Sundarbans. [Distance from the capital Dhaka to Khulna city is 5 km by road. Landscapes, airports, waterways can be used along with other areas of the country including the capital. From the 12th, steamers (steamboats) operate on the river in this region.
Khulna Division is bounded on the west by the borders of the State of West Bengal, Rajshahi Division on the north, Dhaka Division and Barisal Division on the east, and the Sundarbans known as the famous mangrove forest in the south. It is a part of the Ganges River Island or the Greater Bengal Delta. Other rivers include Madhumati river, Bhairab river and Kaptakha river. There are also some islands in the Bay of Bengal. Khulna division is located on the map of the world from 20 ‘north latitude to 212 north and 5’ east longitude to 5 ‘east longitude.
After the conquest of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa by the East India Company, the company gradually strengthened their governance. Not limited to revenue collection and trading, the British beneficiaries became active in establishing dominance and rule throughout India, thus becoming the ‘standard scepter’ of the merchant. After several changes and scrutiny of governance and judicial system, Lord William Bentinck, the Governor of Bengal, created a division with a few districts in 122. The rule and justice of each division a commissioner is appointed to manage it. In 1220, no police station existed in Khulna Division. Khulna and Bagerhat areas were under Jessore district during that time.
The first subdivision of the Presidency of Bengal was established in Khulna in the year 42. In the past, the population was much lower in Khulna and adjoining areas. After the establishment of the subdivision, the court was opened. People’s engagement continues to grow. The expansion of the city was due to the expansion of trade and commerce through the river Bhairab. Meanwhile, the Bagerhat subdivision was established in the 5th. It is difficult for the District Collector and District Magistrate of Jessore to control the huge Jessore District. Finally, on 23 April, Khulna and Bagerhat and Satkhira sub-divisions of 21 Parganas emerged from Khulna district. After two days of agitation and struggle, two independent states – Pakistan was born on August 5 and India on August 7.
In 9, Khulna division was formed by cutting Rajshahi Division Khulna, Kushtia, Jessore and Barisal districts of Dhaka Division. On October 9, Mr. M. Manzoor-i-Elahi joined the First Divisional Commissioner. Until it became known that the secretariat of the divisional commissioner was set up in Boyra, the department office was functioning in the house of the former chairman of Khulna municipality, Kumud Ranjan Ghosh, on the south side of Khulna Circuit House. The number of districts of Khulna Division was 5 in the year. Later, from Khulna division, six districts of Khulna division were formed, since Barisal, Pirojpur, Patuakhali, Bhola, Jhalakathi and Barguna were formed.
Although Khulna was once famous as an industrial city, most of the industries here are sick. Earlier, Khulna was the only newsprint and hardboard mill in the country which has now been declared closed. Most of the jute mills in Khulna are also closing one by one. Notable industries in Khulna are the exportable fish industries developed by private enterprises. Khulna was once called Rupali city. Because of this, a large amount of shrimp was produced in the area. Still is, though, somewhat diminished. As you continue to cross the Mohsin intersection of Daulatpur in Khulna, you will see only bills and fish enclosures along the road. One of the notable fish farming organizations here is Janata Cooperative Society Ltd. In these enclosures a lot of shrimp are cultivated with white fish. And Khulna Pikegachha, Dakop and Cairo upazilas can be seen in salt water enclosure, where there is a large amount of bugs shrimp.
Coconut is a popular food in Khulna. The climate here plays a big role in becoming a coconut tree. Khulna is very famous for its prawn shrimp. There are also Faluda of the Royal Hotel in Khulna.
The roads in Khulna are fairly good and very wide. The city is still not in traffic. But from Khulna to Jessore you may have to face a few problems. This kind of road is much worse. Industrial mill factories are built on a sloping road.
The Tradition of the Department
The memory of Hazrat Pir Khwaja Khan Jahan Ali (R) is glorious and the glory of the history of Bhairab-Rupsa Witul Khulna. There is disagreement over the origin of the nomenclature of Khulna. However, the most widely discussed view is that Khulna originates from the ‘Khulneswari Temple’ built by Khulnar, the second wife of Dhanapati Saudagar. From the word Culnea written in the salvaged records of the sailors of the ship ‘Falmouth’ in the 5th. According to many scientists, the name of Khulna originated from the ‘kismat khulna’ mouza. Many believe that Khulna came from the words Jessore-Culna written on the map of the British period. However, what is true is still a matter of research.
When the birth of Khulna Municipality comes into circulation, it is seen that Khulna Municipal area was in the past belonging to Murali police station in Jasur (Jessore) district. Later, the jungle of the Sundarbans near Talimpur, Srirampur (Rahimnagar) on the eastern bank of the Rupsa river was cut and a new police station was named after it. According to some, the new police station was built around 3 AD and according to some, it was created in 3 AD Khulna sub-division was born in the year 12. Khulna, the first subdivision of undivided Bengal. Later, the Khulna subdivision consisted of both Khulna and Bagerhat districts.
In 4, the office of the independent sub-division was shifted to Bagerhat. Then in 3 there was the first building where today is the residence of the Deputy Commissioner. The first administrator of Khulna was the Deputy Mr. Shore and the second subdivision Hakim was the literary Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. He lived in this residence and wrote his novel ‘Dagesh Nandini’.
Later, according to the official notification on April 12, Khulna district was born, and work was started on June 7, with the Khulna and Bagerhat subdivisions of Jessore district and Satkhira subdivisions of the 25 Parganas districts. The first district magistrate was Mr. W. N. Clay after his name was Clay Road in the city.
Although Khulna is a district town, it has not been established here long ago. Multah: The forest of Sundarbans is cut off and the settlements are established on the banks of the Rupsa and Bhairab rivers. History shows that Khulna’s first settlement was established in Senhati, some distance from the main town on the other side of the river Bhairab. On 7 April, the first municipality of Khulna was established at Satkhira. The second municipality was formed in 7 December at Debhata in the present Satkhira district.
However, it was abolished in 8 and became a union board. The third municipality of the district was formed in the city of Khulna in the 5th. Two years after this, on December 5, the second meeting of the municipality was set up at the second meeting of the municipality as a temporary arrangement at Satyacharan House, the house of Vice Chairman Babu Kailash Chandra Kanjilal. From here the administrative functions of the city were largely conducted. Although the building does not exist today, many believe the building was adjacent to the present municipal building.
According to a Gazette of a hundred years ago, when searching the birth chart of Khulna Municipality, it was informed that the Lieutenant-Governor of Bengal, with the approval of the local authorities, had a coalition of 3, 4 (BC), from 1 July to 5 July at Colaghat and Hilani, Hallala (Hallala). , Tutpara, Sheikhpara (Sheikhpara) with Gobarchakas, Noranagur (Noranagar), Shivbati with Charabati, Bariapara, and the small village villages. Iye to Khulna second class municipality in a circular issued on 18 May 1884.
If no objection is raised within one month of the publication of the notice, the proposal is said to be effective. The proposed outpost of the printed municipality, dated May 25, ‘The Calcutta Gazette,’ was the Bhairan river on the north, the Bhairab and Rupsa rivers on the east, the Motiakhali canal and the Salchara canal and the northern part of the Maia river, and on the west, the southern part of the Great Goa. (Muzguni).
Later, on 7 September, the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal declared Khulna a municipality with a notification. This notice was published in the Calcutta Gazette on 7 September, 1 page. According to the notice, the municipality was executed from October 1 with the exception of Gobarchaka and Nurnagar, including Shekhapara, Khulna, Helatala, Baniyakhamar, Tutpara, Charabachis and Shivabathi along with Bariyapara, except Coal Ghat.
According to the notice, on December 5, the first chairman of Khulna municipality took over the Reverend Gogan Chandra Dutta. One hundred and four years ago, the first mosque of Khulna was set up in the vicinity of the Collector’s building in the year 1. The mosque is the second largest Eidgah church in the city. Khulna is one of the trading places of the country. The city is expanding rapidly due to river ports, improved road and rail connectivity and flat land. With population growth, Khulna’s role in economic development is at the forefront.
Liberation War and Liberation War
The War of Liberation is one of the most glorious events of the Bengali nation. It is through this war that we gain an independent country, our own flag. On March 7, the people of Bengal, students, peasants and laborers from all walks of life came down in the armed war against the savage invaders. As a result, the final victory was achieved on the 5th of December. On the map of the world is a name – ‘Independent Sovereign Bangladesh’.
It is not only those who fought with Pakistani forces directly in the arms of the AD in the 8th century are regarded as freedom fighters. Besides, the ministers, government officials and employees of the provisional Mujibnagar government, who have participated in various service activities, including distributing relief to the refugee camps in India, have been released on the list of the directors, journalists, commentators and artists, of the Independent Bangla Betar Kendra established in Kolkata.
During the liberation war of Bangladesh, those who took part in the battle at arms level were divided into four sections. Namely:
(A) Regular members of the then Pakistan Army, Navy, Air Force, EPR, Police and Ansar forces. They were already trained in the use of weapons in the Syriac front. When the war of liberation started on 9, they left Pakistan and started the liberation war. Most of them were members of the ‘regular forces’ of the War of Liberation.
(B) Secondly, ordinary people who left Bengal and went to India and used them against Pakistani forces in various areas within the country after training in weapons training, use of explosives and tactics of guerrilla war in India’s training camps. They are the most numerous. They were called ‘People’s Army’. They were given weapons and ammunition after military training. Among them were peasants, workers, students from different walks of society.
(C) People belonging to the Kadaria forces established under Abdul Quader Siddiqui (Bir Uttam) of Bengal, Tangail. Most of them did not go to India for training. Under the leadership of Pakistan Army Lance Naik Quader Siddiqui, he received training inside the country; And
(D) Only a group of Chhatra League leaders and activists who have been trained in India in the last phase of the War of Liberation, but have fought back and forth across the country and in the Bangladesh-India border area. They were individually named ‘Mujib Bahini’.
The liberation war and independence of the 8th is the best achievement of the Bengali nation in a thousand years. The contribution of the people of Khulna division was not less in this war. When the war began, thousands of people jumped at it, determined to snatch the bloodshed of independence. They fought valiantly even under various limitations. They offered the most requested liberty freedom in exchange for their lives.
The contribution of Khulna division in the history of the War of Liberation is no less. The liberation war of the Khulna division is not isolated from the total liberation war. Although the Liberation War of Bangladesh as a whole is based on the same formula, fighting in this area has its own propriety. In the context of the geographical situation, it is natural for the enemy to be at variance in its attacks and its resistance efforts. The major part of Khulna district was the ninth sector.
Nine months after the liberation war in Khulna war continued. Guerrilla warfare here is just like the front. The devastating tank war is also here. There are several incidents in this war that are easily overlooked. First, the journey of the newly formed Bangladesh Government started with the one million fifty million taka rescued by the bank operation from the Satkhira of Khulna.
Secondly, the Pak army surrendered in Dhaka on December 7, but it happened one day after December 8 in Khulna. Thirdly, the historic tank war took place at Shiromani, which was a unique event. Such tank wars have rarely occurred elsewhere in the country. Fourth, Khulna is an area of the country where during the War of Liberation, due to misunderstandings, the Indian aircraft was destroyed by the battle of Padma and Palash.
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