Bandarban | Hill District | Chittagong | Bangladesh | NHBD24

Bandarban is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, which is a portion of the Chittagong Division.  It is one of the three hill districts of Bangladesh and a portion of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The others hill districts are Rangamati District and Khagrachhari District. Bandarban town is the headquarter of the Bandarban district. Bandarban district (4,479 km) is not only the most remote district of the country, but also is the least populous district. There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment.

There is a legend about naming the Bandarban district. There are numerous monkeys once living in the area. And these monkeys used to regularly feed salt on the hillside at the entrance of the city. At one time the monkeys were unable to go to the mountains due to the continuous rain due to the rains, they were holding each other in a row. The people of this town can see this view of the monkey crossing. From this time, the place became known as the “Maokachi Chara”. That is, in the Marma language Mac means monkey and pi monkey dam. The name of the area became Bandarban in the common pronunciation of Bangla language in the stream of time. At present, the name of the district has become permanent as Bandarban in the government documents. However, in the Marma language, Bandarban’s name is “Rudd Koichi Mro”.

During the British rule, Chittagong Hill Tracts was declared as a district in the 5th. At that time, Bandarban Hill was under Chittagong district. Captain Magrath was the first superintendent of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The activities of the post of superintendent of Chittagong Hill Tracts were further expanded in the 9th and the post of Deputy Commissioner was renamed in the 5th. T H H Lewin was the first deputy commissioner of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. According to the 9th Hill Chittagong Regulation, Chittagong Hill Tracts is divided into three circles – Chakma Circle, Mong Circle and Bomang Circle. A circle chief was appointed for each circle. Bandarban was then included in the Bomang Circle. The name of this district is Bomang Thong because of the inclusion of the Bomang Circle.

Bandarban started its administrative activities as a subdivision in District 3. It was the administrative unit of Rangamati district. On April 8, the then Lama began as Bandarban Hill District with seven upazilas, including geographical and administrative boundaries.

Geographic Identity:

Bandarban Hill District is located at 23 ‘north latitude to 22222’ north latitude and 122 ‘east longitude to 122’ east longitude. Rangamati district is to the north, Arakan (Myanmar) to the south, India to the east and Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar districts to the west. Among the major Giri classes – Mirinza, Waltong, Tambang and Palitai are notable. The maximum temperature here is 1.5 degrees Celsius and the minimum is 5 degrees Celsius and the annual rainfall is 5 mm. The mountain ranges here are 3-5 m above sea level. Sangu, Matamuhuri and Bankakhali are the main rivers of this district. 

History of Naming of Bandarban District:

There is a legend about naming the Bandarban district. There are numerous monkeys once living in the area. And these monkeys used to regularly feed salt on the hillside at the entrance of the city. At one time, due to the continuous rains, the monkeys were unable to go to the mountains due to the rising water. The people of this town can see this view of the monkey crossing. From this time, the place became known as the “Maokachi Chara”. That is, in the Marma language Mac means monkey and pi monkey dam. The name of the area became Bandarban in the common pronunciation of Bangla language in the stream of time. At present, the name of the district has become permanent as Bandarban in the government documents. However, the real name of Bandarban in the Marma language is “Rod Koichi Mro”.

Emerged as a District

During the British rule, Chittagong Hill Tracts was declared as a district in the 5th. At that time, Bandarban Hill was under Chittagong district. Captain Magrath was the first superintendent of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The activities of the post of superintendent of Chittagong Hill Tracts were further expanded in the 9th and the post of Deputy Commissioner was renamed in the 5th. T H H Lewin was the first deputy commissioner of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. According to the 9th Hill Chittagong Regulation, Chittagong Hill Tracts is divided into three circles – Chakma Circle, Mong Circle and Bomang Circle. A circle chief was appointed for each circle. Bandarban was then included in the Bomang Circle. The name of this district is Bomang Thong because of its inclusion in the Bomang Circle.

Bandarban started its administrative activities as a subdivision in District 3. It was the administrative unit of Rangamati district. On April 7, the then Lama began as Bandarban Hill District with seven upazilas, including geographical and administrative boundaries. 

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