Chittagong District is an administrative area of Chittagong Division in the southeast of Bangladesh. There are no other districts of Bangladesh like Chittagong because of the mountains, the sea, the valley, the forestry. Geographical location: It is located along the south latitude of south-east of Bangladesh along the longitude from 20o0 ‘to ’22’ north latitude and from 122 ‘to 122’ 22 ‘east longitude.
Geographical boundaries: Feni district to the north of Chittagong district and Tripura state of India, Cox’s Bazar district to the south, Bandarban, Rangamati, and Khagrachari districts to the east, and Noakhali district to the west and Bay of Bengal. Sandwip is also part of Chittagong.
History of the District
From the ready-made weapons and various man-made stones found in the Sitakund area, it is believed that the area was home to the Austro-Asiatic population during the Neolithic period. However, they were eventually expelled by the Mongols. Probably the first mention in written history is the Greek geographical Pliny’s Periplus. According to the historian Nalinikanta Bhattasali, the place where Chris is described is the Sandip of the present. Historical Lassen’s concept The Pentapolis mentioned here are actually the origin of Chittagong. It is not certain if the connection with the Mauryan Empire is found, but a manuscript has been found in the Maurya-era Brahmi script in Shilua, eastern Noakhali.
In the Tibetan Buddhist historian Lama Taranath’s book, the rule of the Chandra dynasty is found in Chittagong. This is also mentioned in the inscription of the Sithang temple in Arakan. Gopinath Chandra is the king of the tenth century in the book of Taranath. Arab merchants arrived in Chittagong at that time. Now historians are quite convinced that the port of Chittagong is actually a port of the name ‘Samandur’ by the Arab geographers. At that time the king of the dynasty was Dharmapala. After the Palas, several small states were created in the region.
During the expedition to Chittagong, the Chandra-dynasty King Su-la-Taing-Sandia of Arakan, in the 9th, he built a pillar without any further reason. It is written ‘Chet-t-gong’ which means ‘must fight’. From there, the area becomes Chitta Gong, it is written in Arakanese manuscript ‘Rajawang’. Chittagong, Chittagong, Chittagong, Chittagong, etc. are being spelled from Chittagong periodically. Although the Lal dynasty and some of the kings mentioned some historical references after the Chandra Dynasty, historian Shihabuddin Talish says that the history is unclear until the conquest of Chittagong by Sultan Fakhruddin Mubarak Shah. As a result of this victory, Chittagong became an independent Sonargaon state. At that time, around 8 AD, the famous Moore traveler, Ibn Battuta, came to Chittagong. He writes – “The city we entered in Bangladesh is Sodkawang (Chittagong). It is a big city on the banks of the ocean, near it the Ganges River – where Hindus perform pilgrimage and the Jamuna river merges and flows from there and falls into the sea. There were numerous ships on the banks of the Ganges, with which they fought the people of Lakhnauti.
Tradition of the District
Recognized as the commercial capital of the country, Chittagong has a thousand-year-old cultural heritage. Chittagong is known as the Holy Land of the Twelve Auliya, Bir Prasabini, the queen of the East, the spiritual capital, the port city, the international tourist city, the welfare city.
History of Naming District
It is said that many years ago Chittagong was surrounded by forests, sanctuaries of predatory animals and jinn-ghosts. Hazrat Badar Auliya came here from the Arabian state and rode on the rocks and lit a tea. With his spiritual endeavors, the region became Jin-ghost-free. The name of the place was named from Chittagong to Chittagong, followed by Chittagong. There are still monuments of that memorial site in Badar Auliya in the Jamalkhan area. Which is known as the Chiragi Hills. Tea means lamp. So the name of this mountain is Chiragi hill.
Chittagong has another history of naming. According to historians, there is a Dravidian connection to search for the source of the Chittagong name. Chatt ‘Chati’ or Chadi is the expression of Dravidian languages. The word chotti ‘chetty’ is also analogous. It is believed that Chittagong was named about 5,000 years ago. In the course of its history, tourists, tourists and scholars of different countries of the world have made Chittagong known as different names in the written description and on the map. Examples are: Chit-Toung-gong, Shahatgang, Chaitagram, Chattal, Chattigram, Chattigao, Chaturgram, Chattigamon, Sodkawan, Chatikiang, Shatjam, Jetiga, Devgaon, Devgaon etc. The area has witnessed a series of historical events since its inception. From this region in Bengal, the anti-British movement started.
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